By Lewis White Beck
While this paintings used to be first released in 1960, it instantly crammed a void in Kantian scholarship. It was once the 1st examine totally dedicated to Kant's Critique of useful Reason and by way of some distance the main enormous observation on it ever written. This landmark in Western philosophical literature is still an fundamental reduction to a whole realizing of Kant's philosophy for college students and students alike.
This Critique is the one writing during which Kant weaves his ideas on functional cause right into a unified argument. Lewis White Beck deals a vintage exam of this argument and expertly locations it within the context of Kant's philosophy and of the ethical philosophy of the eighteenth century.
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Additional info for A Commentary on Kant's Critique of Practical Reason (Midway Reprint Series)
This answer is reached by examining the presuppositions of knowledge. In this examination, it is found that the ground which makes it possible for us to have knowledge in mathematics and science does not extend to the alleged knowledge of metaphysical objects. " All our knowledge and alleged knowledge is expressed in one of three kinds of judgments. " Such a judgment is called "analytic" because its predicate is found by analysis of the concept of the subject. Such judgments are certain, and they are important in organizing and articulating our knowledge.
It is easy enough to explain the possibility of judgments of the first two kinds. Previous philosophers had not even noticed that the third kind of judgment existed; for Kant, however, they are essential even for synthetic a posteriori judgments, since any judgment based on experience, such as "The sun warms the stone," presupposes an a priori synthetic judgment of the connection of one event to another as cause to effect. The problem of the Critique of Pure Reason is, therefore, How are synthetic a priori judgments possible?
If there is not such a causality, however, the at8 Critique of Pure Reason, B xxx. 7 This transition is fully discussed in chap. x. The Limits of Theoretical Reason 17 tempt of theoretical reason to establish in principle a complete system of causes is condemned to failure; even theoretical reason needs such a concept for its own completion, but cannot establish it. Without such a conception, however, the very being of theoretical reason is endangered, and its lack may "plunge it into an abyss of skepticism" (3 ).
A Commentary on Kant's Critique of Practical Reason (Midway Reprint Series) by Lewis White Beck