By Desmond Bell
During the last two decades, a chain of stripling generations have come of age in strife-torn Ulster. adolescents strengthen a feeling of ethnic knowledge - as Ulster Protestant or Irish Catholic - in a state of affairs of political concern and sectarian war of words. utilizing ethnographic tools, Desmond Bell explores the subcultural international of younger Loyalists and examines the position of youngster cultural practices within the replica of ethnic id and within the reconstruction of culture in Irish society.
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Extra info for Acts of Union: Youth Culture and Sectarianism in Northern Ireland
Devane concluded his review of fascist youth movements, asking: What could not an Irish Catholic Youth Movement contribute towards totalitarian Catholicism if we put into it, proportionately, the time, labour, energy and money that the Nazis have put into their various organizations of youth (1942). The Irish State was in fact slow to rise to the challenge identified by Devane. In 1940 it did establish a Construction Corps to recruit young unemployed males and set them to work in schemes of public works.
Within this narrative structure the naive innocence of the adolescent delinquent is contrasted to the devious criminality of the terrorist. A crudely determinist cultural-transmission theory of youthful deviancy interacts with a political strategy of criminalization engineered by the British state. An aetiology of juvenile delinquency functions so as to delegitimize political dissent. Youth research and policy in Northern Ireland: the pursuit of the pathological The mid-1970s saw a massive expansion of the Youth Service in Northern Ireland.
By the 1960s it was English youth cultural formations rather than American mass culture which were being identified as the major source of influence on the changing attitudes and behaviours of Irish youth. As late as 1967 another Catholic priest and sometime sociologist was alerting us to the fact that: Youth have always had problems and there have always been problem youths. Now there is a wider problem - the problem of Modern Youth ... There is at least the danger that in Ireland we may have to face the same problem in the near future (Forde, 1967).
Acts of Union: Youth Culture and Sectarianism in Northern Ireland by Desmond Bell