By Keith W. Waldron
This booklet offers a complete and systematic reference at the complex biomass restoration and conversion strategies utilized in biorefineries. the 1st a part of the publication stories advancements in biorefining strategies, by means of a overview of other sorts of biorefinery platform. the second one 1/2 the ebook discusses the wide variety of extra price items from biorefineries, from biofuel to biolubricants and bioadhesives.
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Extra info for Advances in biorefineries: Biomass and waste supply chain exploitation
2009; Kamm and Kamm, 2004). 3. Phase I biorefineries focus on the conversion of one feedstock, using one process and targeting one product. A biodiesel production plant would be a good example of a phase I biorefinery: rapeseed or sunflower is used for oil extraction, which is subsequently transesterified to produce fatty acid methyl esters or biodiesel using methanol and a catalyst (Shahid and Jamal, 2011). Phase II biorefineries differ from phase I biorefineries by the number of outputs they can produce.
For example, recently in Foreword xxxi New Zealand, my own country, an international forest paper pulp company has received government support to build a demonstration biorefinery with the aim to utilise plantation forest residues as the main feedstock, and formed a partnership with an oil company and the forest Crown Research organisation. The biorefinery model enables the agricultural and forest sectors to diversify their traditional markets and products, to become more energy self-sufficient, and to displace fossil fuel-based products with low carbon and renewable alternatives.
This approach ideally constitutes the basis of an economically sound starting point for the design of a biorefinery and is illustrated in Fig. 3. The integration of technologies for the biorefinery takes into account the complex nature of lignocellulosic biomass, in order to produce several products and render the biorefinery concept cost-effective. Biomass contains an array of functionalized molecules, with many of them having a market value. , hesperidin), amino acids, and fatty acid derivatives can be extracted selectively using clean extraction techniques prior to the treatment of biomass by biochemical and thermochemical processes.
Advances in biorefineries: Biomass and waste supply chain exploitation by Keith W. Waldron