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Extra resources for Agricultural Policy and Trade Reform, Potential Effects at Global, National and Household Levels
Indeed, as might be expected for countries that are net importers of OECD agricultural products, some countries would lose welfare from reform confined just to reductions in OECD agriculture protection and support. Most individual non-OECD countries singled out in the GTAPEM analysis are shown to gain. However, apart from Brazil, the welfare changes attributed to OECD agricultural policy reforms are, whether positive or negative, relatively small. Notice that in contrast to the result obtained from multi-sectoral reform, the sub-Saharan Africa region is shown to gain slightly when OECD agriculture trade protection and support is reduced.
This database (Market Access Map, or MAcMap) converts tariffs applying to trade in products measured at a very disaggregate level (HS6) into their ad valorem equivalent at the GTAP commodity level of aggregation. The import protection measures include ad valorem tariffs, specific tariffs and tariff rate quota regimes. Specific tariffs are converted into ad valorem AGRICULTURAL POLICY AND TRADE REFORM: POTENTIAL EFFECTS AT GLOBAL, NATIONAL AND HOUSEHOLD LEVELS – ISBN-92-64-02573-1 © OECD 2006 Chapter 2.
Agricultural policy reforms in OECD countries would yield a gain of USD 23 billion or 78% of the total potential contribution from all OECD reforms. Within agriculture, over 75% of the estimated welfare gains come from reducing import protection. Implicit in this result is the assumption that where tariffs constitute only one component of a package of mutually re-enforcing price support instruments, tariff reductions would be accompanied by complementary reductions in all related policy instruments in the package.
Agricultural Policy and Trade Reform, Potential Effects at Global, National and Household Levels by OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development)