By Vittorio Santaniello, Robert E Evenson, David Zilberman, Gerald A Carlson
This ebook has arisen from the convention entitled 'The form of the arriving agricultural biotechnology transformation: strategic funding and coverage techniques from an financial viewpoint' convened through the foreign Consortium on Agricultural Biotechnology study (ICABR), held in Rome, June 17-19, 1999. Papers are divided among 4 sections protecting: felony structures (5 papers); financial concerns (5 papers); biotechnology innovations (2 papers); and case reviews (2 papers)- North the US and Canada. on hand In Print
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Extra info for Agriculture and intellectual property rights: economic, institutional and implementation issues in biotechnology
Also, many individual country patent systems preclude utility patent protection for plant and animal varieties, food and processes for producing food products, treatments for human or animal bodies, etc. See the Manual for the Handling of Applications for Patents, Designs and Trademarks Throughout the World (1998) for a comprehensive comparison of different IPR provisions for most of the countries of the world. Special Situation – Patenting of Process/Product Using Publicly Available Gene Material Plant breeding and gene-splicing technology research is based on use of existing gene materials.
Evenson, D. A. Carlson) 27 28 V. Santaniello (a) inventions, the publication and the exploitation of which would be contrary to the ordre public or morality, provided that the exploitation shall not be deemed to be so contrary merely because it is prohibited by law or regulation in some or all Contracting States, (b) plant or animal varieties or essentially biological processes for the production of plants or animals; this provision does not apply to microbiological processes or the product thereof.
Intellectual Property Rights of Plant Varieties and of Biotechnology in the European Union 2 Vittorio Santaniello Dipartimento di Economia ed Istituzioni, Università degli Studi di Roma ‘Tor Vergata’, Rome, Italy Preparatory work to harmonize European patent legislation started as early as 1959, when a first comparative study was conducted on the regulatory norms in force in the six countries forming the original nucleus of the European Union (EU). The Haertel Study recommended that the future European legislation should not include all of the exclusionary provisions that were present in the national laws.
Agriculture and intellectual property rights: economic, institutional and implementation issues in biotechnology by Vittorio Santaniello, Robert E Evenson, David Zilberman, Gerald A Carlson