By Roger J. Sullivan
This is often the main updated, short and obtainable creation to Kant's ethics on hand. It methods the ethical concept through the political philosophy, therefore permitting the reader to understand why Kant argued that the felony constitution for any civil society should have an ethical foundation. This technique additionally explains why Kant concept that our simple ethical norms may still function legislation of behavior for everybody. the quantity additionally contains a exact remark on Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals, Kant's most generally studied paintings of ethical philosophy.
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Extra resources for An Introduction to Kant's Ethics
Without some such ends, we could rationally assess many actions only insofar as they might be instrumentally good for obtaining things we desire, and that would make all our relevant policies only hypothetical and cause great areas of our lives to have no discernible moral worth. When identifying these ends we need to regard ourselves from two different viewpoints: simply as moral agents and also as embodied moral agents with finite and dependent natures. Each viewpoint, or interpretation, of human existence leads to its own kind of morally obligatory ends.
We have already seen that law in the form of the Universal Principle of Justice, but in the Foundations Kant restated it so it would apply not only to our behavior but also to our aims and motives. We have also seen that in Kant's political theory the relations between persons in the state of nature and even within civil society are marked by discord arising out of conflicting desires. This strife has its counterpart within each individual, in our experience of internal moral conflict between our reason and our desires.
In this regard he continues to exercise a profound influence on both the vocabulary and thought of moral philosophers. That answer gives rise to the third question: What does it mean for a person to intend to act "from duty"? And the answer is: to resolve to do whatever the moral law obligates one to do, out of respect for that law (400). Kant introduced the notion of respect here to emphasize that the ultimate moral motivational force is not a desire to satisfy our wants but having such a regard for moral requirements as to be willing, if it is necessary, to frustrate any and all desires we may have.
An Introduction to Kant's Ethics by Roger J. Sullivan