Read e-book online An Introduction to the Thought of Karl Popper PDF

By Roberta Corvi

ISBN-10: 0415129575

ISBN-13: 9780415129572

It is a accomplished creation to the philosophical and political considered Karl Popper, now to be had in English. it's divided into 3 components; the 1st half presents a biography of Popper; the second one half seems at his works and recurrent issues, and the 3rd half assesses his critics. It was once authorized of via Popper himself as a sympathetic and accomplished research, and may be perfect to fulfill the expanding call for for a precis creation to his paintings.

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Extra info for An Introduction to the Thought of Karl Popper

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Naturally Popper’s conception had to face various comments and criticisms, which he meticulously answered in the Postscript. One objection was that the supposed asymmetry only concerned a purely verbal difference, as whenever we falsify a statement we automatically verify its negation. Popper replied to this by distinguishing between the logical aspect of asymmetry and the methodological or heuristic aspect. Logically, ‘there can be no doubt that a (unilaterally falsifiable) universal statement is logically much stronger than the corresponding (unilaterally verifiable) existential statement’ (P1:184).

It ensures that, in the event of a clash with the empirical basic statements, the theory will be excluded from the class of science (LSD: 88–89, 314). Popper maintained his essential commitment to empiricism, but he limited the role of experience in scientific endeavour to one of indirect 28 THE EPISTEMOLOGICAL WORKS and unilateral testing, inasmuch as it can beget only falsification and never verification. Hence: the possibility of refuting theories by observations is the basis of all empirical tests.

But the reason for Popper’s strong aversion is to be found in his long and detailed analysis of the problem of induction, as it was formulated and solved by Hume. He was already criticizing Hume’s doctrine in his earliest writings, and his approach remained fundamentally unchanged when he later considered 32 THE EPISTEMOLOGICAL WORKS the problem from an evolutionist standpoint in the light of his new theory of the three worlds (that is, in the essay forming Chapter 1 of Objective Knowledge). On the one hand, then, Popper finds convincing Hume’s critique of inductive inference, on the grounds that nothing logically justifies the move from observed facts to laws; but on the other hand, he cannot accept Hume’s psychologi cal explanation of induction in terms of habit derived from repetition.

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An Introduction to the Thought of Karl Popper by Roberta Corvi

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