By Sven G. Sommer, Morten L. Christensen, Thomas Schmidt, Lars Stoumann Jensen
A swiftly altering and increasing cattle and chook construction zone is inflicting more than a few environmental difficulties on neighborhood, local and worldwide scales.
Animal Manure Recycling: therapy and Management provides an obtainable assessment of environmentally pleasant applied sciences for handling animal manure extra successfully and in a sustainable demeanour. The ebook describes the actual and chemical features of animal manure and microbial tactics, that includes exact examples and case experiences displaying how this data can be utilized in perform. Readers are brought to the sustainable use of animal manure for crop fertilisation and soil amelioration. Environmentally pleasant applied sciences for decreasing emissions of ammonia, odour and the greenhouse gases nitrous oxide and methane are offered, and aid of plant nutrient losses utilizing separation applied sciences is brought. ultimately and most significantly, the e-book describes easy methods to commercialise and move wisdom approximately strategies to end-users.
Topics lined include:
Regulation of animal manure management
Manure natural topic: features and microbial transformations
Greenhouse fuel emissions from animal manures and applied sciences for his or her reduction
Technologies and logistics for dealing with, delivery and distribution of animal manures
Animal manure residue upgrading and nutrient restoration in bio-fertilisers
Life cycle evaluation of manure administration systems
- Innovation in animal manure administration and recycling
Animal Manure Recycling: remedy and Management provides state of the art insurance of the whole animal manure chain, delivering sensible details for engineers, environmental experts, lecturers and complex scholars eager about clinical, technical and regulatory matters relating to animal manure administration.
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Additional info for Animal Manure Recycling: Treatment and Management
The Nitrates Directive). 2 Possible policy instruments, with some examples. 2 Simple presentation of the intended working of government policy. 2. (Reprinted with permission from Oenema et al. (2011). ) Economic instruments (stimulation) are intended to stimulate preferred production pathways. These instruments are common in agricultural policy, such as the EU Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), and are also used to stimulate innovative developments. Environmental taxes and tradable rights/quotas have only been implemented in a few countries.
In June 2003, cross-compliance became an obligatory element of the CAP, thereby coupling existing 32 Animal Manure Recycling environmental policies to agricultural income support, as implemented in so-called “Single Farm Payments” to farmers. There are two major aspects of cross-compliance in the Single Farm Payment: (i) compliance with 19 Statutory Management Requirements (SMRs) covering the environment, food safety, animal and plant health and animal welfare, including the provisions of relevant directives, and (ii) compliance with a requirement to maintain land in Good Agricultural and Environmental Condition (GAEC).
For example, copper (Cu) is added to the diet of growing pigs in many intensive production systems as a cost-effective method of enhancing performance and is thought to act as an anti-bacterial agent in the gut. Zinc (Zn) is also used in diets for weaned pigs for the control of post-weaning scours. In poultry production, both Zn and Cu are required in trace amounts. g. limestone added to the feed may contain relatively high levels of Zn and cadmium (Cd)). , 1999). Health risks from poor manure management include several pathways of pathogen transfer, of which local transfer of zoonotic pathogens to farm staff and neighbours in air, water, crops and vegetables is a well-known problem.
Animal Manure Recycling: Treatment and Management by Sven G. Sommer, Morten L. Christensen, Thomas Schmidt, Lars Stoumann Jensen