By Marian Stamp Dawkins M.A., D.Phil. (auth.)
I wrote this e-book simply because i feel that the welfare of animals is a vital topic yet one approximately which there's a of bewilderment and muddled pondering. i wished to good deal write a publication which straightened out a number of the confusion by way of having a look intimately at one specific challenge: the right way to realize animal discomfort. The publication is written for someone drawn to animals and the controversies over how people should still deal with them. i've got attempted to persuade those that may perhaps in a different way believe that technological know-how had just a quite sinister reference to animal welfare that the clinical examine of animal anguish has, in reality, an enormous and optimistic contribution to make. it could possibly provide us an perception into what animals adventure and this, in tum, might help us to relieve their affliction. whilst, i've got attempted to write down a booklet that might be of no less than a few use to scientists. The chapters which stick with professional vide an overview of the organic method of animal welfare. i've got additionally tried to teach sceptics that it's attainable to review animal anguish with out sacrificing criteria of scien tific strategy. possibly a few will even come to proportion my trust that the examine of the subjective reports of animals is likely one of the such a lot attention-grabbing components within the entire of biology, in addition to being of serious functional and moral importance.
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Additional info for Animal Suffering: The Science of Animal Welfare
One reason for supposing that, given time, the animal's health would be affected is that it is often possible to detect physiological disturbances such as changed hormone levels which, as we will discuss more fully in Chapter 5, may be the precursors of ill-health. Sometimes, indeed,· capture and transport, do cause weight loss, bruising, injury and physical deterioration so severe as to lead to death (Hails ). At the same time, and often before these overt signs of suffering are occurring, physiological changes such as hormone levels and the ammonia content of 36 A nimal suffering muscle are also apparent.
But we must begin this chapter by looking at the physiological 55 56 Animal sufferz'ng reactions that occur in animals that are physically harmed or in danger, for it is these that will enable us to understand where the idea of 'stress' comes from, and what its relation to 'suffering' might be. The measurement of 'stress' When an animal is suddenly faced with a situation in which it has to take some sort of rapid action such as running away or putting up a fight, its body changes in certain ways to meet the emergency.
An enormous amount of effort has gone into increasing the efficiency of this industry. The rising costs of land, feedstuff and labour have meant that the most efficient farming 32 A nz"mal suffen:ng practices are those which take up as little space as possible and use labour sparingly (Ewer ). It has been found that by keeping animals such as pigs indoors all their lives and never letting them get too hot or too cold, they will put on weight without requiring as much food as if they were outside.
Animal Suffering: The Science of Animal Welfare by Marian Stamp Dawkins M.A., D.Phil. (auth.)