By Elizabeth A. Davison (auth.), Ralf C. Buckley (eds.)
Early study on ant-plant interactions in Australia was once mostly restricted to the economically vital challenge of ants harvesting surface-sown pasture seed (e. g. Campbell 1966). The file through Berg (1975) of common myrmecochory in Australia, and a burst of in another country learn, inspired examine on quite a number ant-plant interactions in Australia. This publication summarizes such study and provides reeent and present paintings on seed harvesting, myrmecochory, ant-epiphytes, extrafloral nectaries, ant-plant-homopteran platforms, and the impact of crops on ant faunas. i am hoping that it'll motivate additional paintings in those and similar parts, and that the evaluate and bibliography of ant-plant interactions within the relaxation ofthe international will function an invaluable resource for these coming into the sphere. The richness of Australia's plant life and ant fauna render it a very attention-grabbing continent for the examine of interactions among them. As instantly obvious from the record of contents, ant-seed interactions are rather major in Australia. this isn't incredible for a comparatively dry continent bearing a mostly sc1erophyllous plant conceal. destiny study, although, specially within the tropical north, is like1y to bare additional sorts of interplay, probably resembling these attribute of the tropics in different places, or even distinctively Australian. many of the chapters were shortened and converted significantly from the unique manuscripts, however the rules and effects offered are, in fact, these of the person authors.
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Additional info for Ant-plant interactions in Australia
1977. Some effects of vegetation cover and disturbance on a tropical ant fauna. Insectes Soe. 24: 163-182. Harper, J. , Lovell, J. L. & Moore, K. , 1970. The shapes and sizes of seeds. Ann. Rev. Eco!. Syst. I: 327-356. , 1960. Studies on the ecological distribution of ants in Sapporo and its vicinity (I et 2). Insectes Soe. 7: 125-162. 42 Hilis, E. , 1975. Physiography of Victoria: An Introduction to Geomorphology. Whitcombe and Tombs, Aust. Hodgkinson, K. , Harrington, G. N. & Miles, G. , 1980.
001 cages to prevent removal by granivorous birds or rodents. The seeds of 12 speeies were used: Callitris verrueosa, Casuarina pusil/a, Euealyptus dumosa, E. foeeunda, E. incrassata, Hakea vittata, Leptospermum laevigatum var minus, Melaleuca uncinata, Aotus ericoides, Hibbertia strieta, Lasiopetalum behrii and Phebalium bullatum, all ofwhich are native to the study area. The seeds of the last four species possess elaiosome-like structures. This experiment was conducted in summer and repeated in winter, except that in the latter case the seeds of Hibbertia strieta and Melaleuea uncinata were replaeed respectively by seeds of Aeaeia saligna (which bear prominent elaisome-like structures) and Euealyptus radiata, both of which are foreign to the area.
D. Thesis, Australian National University. Briese, D. T. & Macauley, B. , 1981. Food collection within an ant community in semi-arid Australia, with special reference to seed harvesterso Aust. J. Eco!. 6: 1-19. Brown, E. , 1959. Immature nutfall of coconuts in the Solomon Islands. II - Changes in ant populations, and their relation to vegetation. Bul!. Ent. Res. 50: 523-558. Brown, J. , Reichman, O. J. & Davidson, D. , 1979. Granivory in desert ecosystems. Ann. Rev. Eco!. Syst. 10: 201-227. Bullock, S.
Ant-plant interactions in Australia by Elizabeth A. Davison (auth.), Ralf C. Buckley (eds.)